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Title 

Flavanones and rotenoids from the roots of Amorpha fruticosa L. that inhibit bacterial neuraminidase

 

쪽제비싸리 뿌리로부터 분리한 플라보노이드와 로테노이드 화합물의 박테리아 뉴라미니데이즈 저해활성

Authors 

Y S KimYoung Bae RyuM J Curtis-LongH J YukJ K ChoJ Y KimK D KimWoo Song LeeK H Park

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2011

Citation 

Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 1849-1856

Keywords 

Amorpha fruticosaBacterial neuraminidaseBiofilmFlavanoneRoteoid

Abstract 

Neuraminidase is a proven target in anti-viral drug development. It also appears to be important for infection by certain pathogenic bacteria and has been implicated in biofilm formation. Based on activity-guided fractionation, the acetone extract of Amorpha fruticosa roots gave four flavanones 1-4 and three rotenoids 5-7 which were identified as amoradicin (1), amorisin (2), isoamoritin (3), amoricin (4), amorphigeni (5), dalbinol (6), and 6-ketodehydroamorphigenin (7), respectively. All isolated inhibitors showed strong neuraminidase inhibition with IC50s between 0.12 and 22.03μM. In particular, amorisin 2 exhibited 120nM IC50, which is 30-fold more potent than the positive control, quercetin. In addition, this is the first report detailing rotenoids (IC50=8.34-16.74μM) exhibiting neuraminidase inhibition. Kinetic analysis revealed that all inhibitors were noncompetitive. The most active neuraminidase inhibitors (2, 3, 5, 6) were proven to be present in the native root in high quantities by HPLC. Finally, at concentrations where no toxicity was observed, 3 and 6 inhibited Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm production. 29.7% and 21.0% inhibition respectively was observed at 25μ.

ISSN 

0278-6915

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2011.04.038

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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