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Title 

Small-molecule inhibitor binding to an N-acyl-homoserine lactone synthase

Authors 

J ChungE GooS YuO ChoiJ LeeJ KimH KimJ IgarashiH SugaJae Sun MoonI HwangS Rhee

Publisher 

National Academy of Sciences

Issue Date 

2011

Citation 

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 29, pp. 12089-12094

Abstract 

Quorum sensing (QS) controls certain behaviors of bacteria in response to population density. In Gram-negative bacteria, QS is often mediated by N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones (acyl-HSLs). Because QS influences the virulence of many pathogenic bacteria, synthetic inhibitors of acyl-HSL synthases might be useful therapeutically for controlling pathogens. However, rational design of a potent QS antagonist has been thwarted by the lack of information concerning the binding interactions between acyl-HSL synthases and their ligands. In the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia glumae, QS controls virulence, motility, and protein secretion and is mediated by the binding of N-octanoyl-L-HSL (C8-HSL) to its cognate receptor, TofR. C8-HSL is synthesized by the acyl-HSL synthase TofI. In this study, we characterized two previously unknown QS inhibitors identified in a focused library of acyl-HSL analogs. Our functional and X-ray crystal structure analyses show that the first inhibitor, J8-C8, binds to TofI, occupying the binding site for the acyl chain of the TofI cognate substrate, acylated acyl-carrier protein. Moreover, the reaction byproduct, 5′-methylthioadenosine, independently binds to the binding site for a second substrate, S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Closer inspection of the mode of J8-C8 binding to TofI provides a likely molecular basis for the various substrate specificities of acyl-HSL synthases. The second inhibitor, E9C-3oxoC6, competitively inhibits C8-HSL binding to TofR. Our analysis of the binding of an inhibitor and a reaction byproduct to an acyl-HSL synthase may facilitate the design of a new class of QS-inhibiting therapeutic agents.

ISSN 

0027-8424

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1103165108

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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