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Title 

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 enhances NK susceptibility of human melanoma cells via Hsp60-mediated FAS expression

Authors 

J H LeeS ParkS CheonS KimD Y HurT S KimSuk Ran YoonY YangS I BangH ParkH T LeeD Cho

Publisher 

Wiley-Blackwell

Issue Date 

2011

Citation 

European Journal of Immunology, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 2937-2946

Keywords 

1α,25(OH)2D3FasHSPMelanomaNK cells

Abstract 

The active metabolite of vitamin D3, 1α,25(OH)2D3, displays anticancer effects by regulating cell cycle and apoptosis in many cancer cells. However, it has not been determined whether 1α,25(OH)2D3 increases the susceptibility of cancer cells to NK cells. Here, we investigated the anticancer effect of 1α,25(OH)2D3 in human melanoma cell lines by investigating enhancement of NK susceptibility and elucidating the mediator of NK cytotoxicity. 1α,25(OH)2D3-resistant melanoma cells (G-361 and SK-MEL-5) treated with 1α,25(OH)2D3 showed higher susceptibility to NK cells with up-regulation of Fas expression. Furthermore, G-361 cells treated with 1α,25(OH)2D3 showed significantly increased caspase activity. In addition to Fas up-regulation, expression of heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) was elevated by 1α,25(OH)2D3. Increased expression of Hsp60 by 1α,25(OH)2D3 was related to not only up-regulation of Fas expression but also to NK susceptibility of G-361 cells. Taken together, our data suggest that 1α,25(OH)2D3 acts as an anticancer agent by increasing expression of Fas on the surface of melanoma cells through Hsp60 induction and strengthens caspase sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptotic pathway by NK cells. 1α,25(OH)2D3 treatment may therefore have a preventive role in melanoma occurrence or potentiate the anticancer effects of NK-cell immune therapy.

ISSN 

0014-2980

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eji.201141597

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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