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Title 

Clitocybin B inhibits rat aortic smooth muscle cell proliferation through suppressing PDGF-Rβ phosphorylation

Authors 

K D YooE S ParkY LimS I KangS H YooH H WonH P LeeY H KimIck-Dong YooH S YooJ T HongY P Yun

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2012

Citation 

Vascular Pharmacology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 91-97

Keywords 

Clitocybin B → ClitocybinPDGF-R → atherosclerosisProliferationVascular smooth muscle cell

Abstract 

The increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the arterial wall is a critical pathogenic factor for vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty. Clitocybin B was reported to have either a potent free radical scavenging effect or effects that were isolated from the culture broth of mushroom Clitocybe aurantiaca. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of clitocybin B on VSMC proliferation and its possible molecular mechanism. Clitocybin B significantly inhibited the proliferation and the DNA synthesis of PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs in a concentration-dependent manner. In agreement with these findings, clitocybin B suppressed the PDGF-BB-induced progression through G0/G1 to S phase of cell cycle. Clitocybin B also down-regulated the expressions of cell cycle-related proteins, including cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2, cyclin E, CDK4, cyclin D1, and proliferative cell nuclear antigen in PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs. Clitocybin B significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and phospholipase C-γ1, in the PDGF-BB signaling pathway. Clitocybin B suppressed the PDGF-Rβ activation in PDGF-BB signaling cascade. These results suggested that the inhibitory effect of clitocybin B on the proliferation of VSMCs may be associated with suppressing PDGF-Rβ phosphorylation. Thus, clitocybin B may be an effective antiproliferative agent for the prevention of atherosclerosis and restenosis.

ISSN 

1537-1891

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vph.2011.11.004

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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