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Title 

Melatonin combined with exercise cannot alleviate cerebral injury in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury

 

국소 뇌허혈-재관류 손상 쥐 모델에서 뇌손상을 완화시키지 못하는 멜라토닌과 운동의 동시 적용

Authors 

S LeeJ ShinM LeeY HongS K LeeY LeeT LkhagvasurenD W KimY A YangKyu Tae Chang

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2012

Citation 

Neural Regeneration Research, vol. 7, no. 13, pp. 993-999

Keywords 

Brain tissue lossChondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4ExerciseFocal cerebral ischemia/reperfusionHypoxia-inducible factor 1 alphaMelatoninMicrotubule associated protein-2Neural regenerationNeurological functionNG2

Abstract 

Previous studies have demonstrated that melatonin combined with exercise can alleviate secondary damage after spinal cord injury in rats. Therefore, it is hypothesized that melatonin combined with exercise can also alleviate ischemic brain damage. In this study, adult rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion after receiving 10 mg/kg melatonin or vehicle subcutaneously twice daily for 14 days. Forced exercise using an animal treadmill was performed at 20 m/min for 30 minutes per day for 6 days prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion. After middle cerebral artery occlusion, each rat received melatonin combined with exercise, melatonin or exercise alone equally for 7 days until sacrifice. Interestingly, rats receiving melatonin combined with exercise exhibited more severe neurological deficits than those receiving melatonin or exercise alone. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α mRNA in the brain tissue was upregulated in rats receiving melatonin combined with exercise. Similarly, microtubule associated protein-2 mRNA expression was significantly upregulated in rats receiving melatonin alone. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (NG2) mRNA expression was significantly decreased in rats receiving melatonin combined with exercise as well as in rats receiving exercise alone. Furthermore, neural cell loss in the primary motor cortex was significantly reduced in rats receiving melatonin or exercise alone, but the change was not observed in rats receiving melatonin combined with exercise. These findings suggest that excessive intervention with melatonin, exercise or their combination may lead to negative effects on ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain damage.

ISSN 

1673-5374

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1673-5374.2012.13.005

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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