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Title 

Evaluation of whole Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) for consolidated bioprocessing ethanol production

 

Consolidated bioprocessing 에탄올 생산을 위한 Jerusalem artichoke 전체적 바이오매스의 분석

Authors 

Seonghun KimChul Ho Kim

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2014

Citation 

Renewable Energy, vol. 65, no. 0, pp. 83-91

Keywords 

Alkali pretreatmentConsolidated bioprocessingDiluted acid pretreatmentJerusalem artichokeKluyveromyces marxianusWhole plant utilization

Abstract 

For consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), components of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tubers and stalks as a potential bioenergy crop were analyzed as carbon and nutrient sources, respectively. The effectiveness of chemical pretreatment with dilute acid or alkali was evaluated to develop a CBP method. Cellulose content, delignification, and enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency of the pretreated stalks were increased more effectively by NaOH treatment than dilute H2SO4 treatment. However, weight loss was greater during alkali pretreatment. Additionally, large volumes of water were required to wash the alkali-treated biomass. Therefore, CBP using the dilute acid-pretreated stalk and the ground tuber of Kluyveromyces marxianus were investigated. Fermentation of both pretreated stalks and tubers by K.marxianus with no nutrient supplementation proceeded acceptably. At 10% (w/v) stalk and 8% (w/v) tuber loading, K.marxianus produced 45.3g/L ethanol after 30h. The ethanol yield was 0.252g ethanol per g dry biomass, or 0.32g ethanol per g fermentable sugars, with a fermentable sugar conversion rate of 60%. These results suggest a cost-effective CBP strategy for bioethanol production from the whole Jerusalem artichoke plant.

ISSN 

0960-1481

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2013.07.025

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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