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Title 

Dynamic changes in DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation when hES cells undergo differentiation toward a neuronal lineage

Authors 

M KimY K ParkT W KangS H LeeY H RheeJong Lyul ParkD LeeSeon-Young KimYong Sung Kim

Publisher 

Oxford University Press (OUP)

Issue Date 

2014

Citation 

Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 657-667

Abstract 

DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation have been implicated in normal development and differentiation, but our knowledge is limited about the genome-wide distribution of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC) during cellular differentiation. Using an in vitro model system of gradual differentiation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells into ventral midbrain-type neural precursor cells and terminally into dopamine neurons,weobserved dramatic genome-wide changes in 5 mCand 5 hmCpatterns duringlineagecommitment. The 5 hmCpattern was dynamic in promoters, exons and enhancers. DNA hydroxymethylation within the gene body was associated with gene activation. The neurogenesis-related genes NOTCH1, RGMA and AKT1 acquired 5 hmCin the gene body and were up-regulated during differentiation.DNAmethylation in the promoter was associated with gene repression. The pluripotency-related genes POU5F1, ZFP42 and HMGA1 acquired 5 mC in their promoters and were down-regulated during differentiation. Promoter methylation also acted as a locking mechanism to maintain gene silencing. The mesoderm development-related genes NKX2-8, TNFSF11 and NFATC1 acquired promoter methylation during neural differentiation even though they were already silenced inhEScells.Ourfindings will help elucidate the molecularmechanisms underlying lineage-specific differentiation of pluripotent stem cells during human embryonic development.

ISSN 

0964-6906

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddt453

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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