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Title 

A cathepsin B inhibitor, E-64, improves the preimplantation development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos

Authors 

S H MinBong Seok SongJ Y YeonJ W KimJ H BaeS Y ParkY H LeeKyu Tae ChangD B Koo

Publisher 

Society for Reproduction and Development

Issue Date 

2014

Citation 

Journal of Reproduction Development, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 21-27

Keywords 

ApoptosisBlastocystsBovineCathepsin B inhibitor (E-64)Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)

Abstract 

Bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is an important and powerful tool for basic research and biomedical and agricultural applications, however, the efficiency of SCNT has remained extremely low. In this study, we investigated the effects of cathepsin B inhibitor (E-64) supplementation of culture medium on in vitro development of bovine SCNT embryos. We initially used three concentrations of E-64 (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 μm), among which 0.5 μm resulted in the highest rate of blastocysts production after in vitro fertilization (IVF), and was therefore used for further experiments. Blastocyst development of SCNT embryos in the E-64 treatment group also increased relative to the control. Moreover, the cryosurvival rates of IVF and SCNT blastocysts were increased in E-64 treatment groups when compared with the control. On the other hand, we found that IVF and SCNT blastocysts derived from E-64-treated groups had increased total cell numbers and decreased apoptotic nuclei. Furthermore, assessment of the expression of apoptosis-related genes (Bax and Bcl-xL) in bovine IVF and SCNT blastocysts treated with E-64 by real-time RT-PCR analysis revealed suppressed expression of the pro-apoptotic gene Bax and stimulated expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-xL. Taken together, these finding indicate that addition of E-64 to embryo culture medium may have important implications for improving developmental competence and preimplantation quality in bovine IVF and SCNT embryos.

ISSN 

0916-8818

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1262/jrd.2013-074

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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