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Title 

Effect of lithium chloride on the production and sialylation of Fc-fusion protein in Chinese hamster ovary cell culture

 

Lithium chloride가 당단백질의 생산성과 당화에 미치는 영향

Authors 

T K HaYeon-Gu KimG M Lee

Publisher 

Springer Verlag (Germany)

Issue Date 

2014

Citation 

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 98, no. 22, pp. 9239-9248

Keywords 

Cell cycleChinese hamster ovary cellLithium chlorideSialylationSpecific productivity

Abstract 

Lithium chloride (LiCl), which is a specific inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3β, is known to induce cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and to regulate apoptosis. To determine the potential of LiCl as a chemical additive to enhance specific productivity (qp) of recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (rCHO) cells through cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, rCHO cells producing Fc-fusion protein were cultivated in serum-free media with LiCl concentrations ranging from 0 to 20 mM. The addition of LiCl induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and thereby decreased the specific cell growth rate. However, LiCl increased qp in a dose-dependent manner. The beneficial effect of LiCl on qp outweighed its detrimental effect on μ, resulting in improved maximum Fc-fusion protein concentration (MFPC) at 10 mM LiCl. The qp and MFPC in the bioreactor culture with 10 mM LiCl were 5.0 and 2.1 times higher than those without LiCl, respectively. In addition, the presence of LiCl at 10 mM did not significantly affect either intracellular α2,3-ST or extracellular sialidase activity. LiCl also inhibited apoptosis of cells in the decline phase of growth by increasing Bcl-2 expression. Taken together, the results obtained in this study demonstrate the potential of LiCl as a qp-enhancing additive in CHO cell culture for improved recombinant protein production. ? 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

ISSN 

0175-7598

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-014-6012-0

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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