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Title 

Mitochondrial ROS govern the LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in microglia cells by regulating MAPK and NF-κB pathways

Authors 

J ParkJ S MinB KimE B ChaeJ W YunM S ChoiI K KongKyu Tae ChangD S Lee

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Neuroscience Letters, vol. 584, no. 0, pp. 191-196

Keywords 

LipopolysaccharideMAPKsMicrogliaMito-TEMPOMitochondrial ROSNF-κB

Abstract 

Activation of microglia cells in the brain contributes to neurodegenerative processes promoted by many neurotoxic factors such as pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) actively affect microglia-associated neurodegenerative diseases through their role as pro-inflammatory molecules and modulators of pro-inflammatory processes. Although the ROS which involved in microglia activation are thought to be generated primarily by NADPH oxidase (NOX) and involved in the immune response, mitochondrial ROS have also been proposed as important regulators of the inflammatory response in the innate immune system. However, the role of mitochondrial ROS in microglial activation has yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that inhibition of mitochondrial ROS by treatment with Mito-TEMPO effectively suppressed the level of mitochondrial and intracellular ROS. Mito-TEMPO treatment also significantly prevented LPS-induced increase in the TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, iNOS and Cox-2 in BV-2 and primary microglia cells. Furthermore, LPS-induced suppression of mitochondrial ROS generation not only affected LPS-stimulated activation of MAPKs, including ERK, JNK, and p38, but also regulated IκB activation and NF-κB nuclear localization. These results indicate that mitochondria constitute a major source of ROS generation in LPS-mediated activated microglia cells. Additionally, suppression of LPS-induced mitochondrial ROS plays a role in modulating the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by preventing MAPK and NF-κB activation in microglia cells. Our findings suggest that a potential strategy in the development of therapy for inflammation-associated degenerative neurological diseases involves targeting the regulation of mitochondrial ROS in microglial cells.

ISSN 

0304-3940

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2014.10.016

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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