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Title 

Metabolic characterization of meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid in liver microsomes and in mice

Authors 

J S JeonSoo Jin OhJ Y LeeC S RyuY M KimB H LeeS K Kim

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 76, no. 0, pp. 94-102

Keywords 

CYP inhibitionCYP2E1Meso-Dihydroguaiaretic acidMetabolic stabilityPharmacokinetics

Abstract 

meso-Dihydroguaiaretic acid (MDGA) is a major component of Myristica fragrans and Machilus thunbergii that is traditionally used as a spice and for medicinal purposes. Despite reports of various biological activities exerted by MDGA, there is no information regarding its metabolic properties. The purpose of this study was to determine the metabolic stability and cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibitory potential of MDGA, using pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs) to characterize its metabolic properties. In addition, pharmacokinetic analysis was performed in mice treated intravenously (5 mg/kg) or orally (20 mg/kg) with MDGA for comparison with our in vitro results. The half-life of MDGA in HLMs and mouse liver microsomes incubated with NADPH, UDPGA or NADPH plus UDPGA was 25.41 and 22.74, 0.39 and 0.20 or 0.28 and 0.22 min, respectively. In our pharmacokinetic study, MDGA rapidly declined in plasma and had low bioavailability, which was attributable to extensive metabolism by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases and CYPs. Among CYP isoforms, CYP2E1 activity was selectively inhibited by MDGA through a competitive inhibitory mode, with an inhibitory constant (Ki) value of 13.1 μM. These results suggest that MDGA can be used as a selective CYP2E1 inhibitor in vitro, which warrants evaluation of the pharmacological significance of MDGA-induced CYP2E1 inhibition.

ISSN 

0278-6915

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2014.12.007

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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