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Title 

The effect of Cu2+ on arginine kinase from Euphausia superba: A computational simulation integrating unfolding and aggregation studies

Authors 

J G ChengY X SiJinhyuk LeeF ZhaoJ M YangG Y QianS J YinY D Park

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Process Biochemistry, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 395-405

Keywords 

AggregationArginine kinaseCu2+Euphausia superbaInhibitionOsmolytes

Abstract 

Arginine kinase plays an important role in invertebrate cellular energy metabolism. We investigated the effects of Cu2+ on the enzymatic activity, unfolding and aggregation of Euphausia superba arginine kinase (ESAK). Cu2+ inhibited the activity of ESAK (IC50 = 0.050 ± 0.002 mM) following first-order kinetics consistent with the transition from a monophasic to a biphasic reaction. Double-reciprocal Lineweaver-Burk plots indicated that Cu2+ induced non-competitive inhibition of arginine and ATP. Spectrofluorimetry results showed that Cu2+ induced tertiary structural changes in ESAK with exposure of hydrophobic surfaces and directly induced ESAK aggregation. The addition of osmolytes such as glycine and proline successfully blocked ESAK aggregation, recovering the conformation and activity of ESAK. Computational simulations indicated that the ATP/ADP binding site locations overlap with the Cu2+ interacting residues, inferring that Cu2+ binding can block ESAK enzyme catalysis with ATP/ADP cofactor binding via modulating structural conformation. Our study demonstrates the effect of Cu2+ on ESAK enzymatic function and folding mechanisms that might provide important insights into other metabolic enzymes of invertebrates in extreme climatic marine environments.

ISSN 

0032-9592

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2014.12.010

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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