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Title 

Functional restoration of exhausted CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in chronic viral infection by vinegar-processed flos of Daphne genkwa

Authors 

E UyangaaJ Y ChoiA M PatilJ H KimS B KimK KimHyung Won RyuSei-Ryang OhS K Eo

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 39, no. 0, pp. 25-37

Keywords 

Chronic viral infectionDaphne genkwaExhausted T cellsTim-3 moleculeVinegar-processed flos

Abstract 

T-cell exhaustion has become an important issue in chronic infection because exhausted antigen-specific T cells show impaired abilities to eradicate persistently infected pathogens and produce effector cytokines, such as IFN-γ and TNF-α. Thus, strategies to either restore endogenous exhausted T cell responses or provide functional T cells are needed for therapeutics of chronic infection. Despite promising developments using antibodies and cell immunotherapy, there have been no reported attempts to restore exhausted T cells using treatment with materials derived from natural resources. Here, using a mouse model of chronic infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), we found that vinegar-processed flowers (flos) of Daphne genkwa (vp-genkwa), which was composed mainly of four index components, restored exhausted CD4+ and CD8+ T cells significantly, as corroborated by evidence that vp-genkwa treatment enhanced functional LCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Furthermore, pretreatment with vp-genkwa prevented the generation of exhausted LCMV-specific CD8+ T cells. Such restorations of exhausted LCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells by vp-genkwa were closely associated with reduced viral burden in sera and tissues. More interestingly, vp-genkwa treatment induced down-regulation of negative molecules, such as PD-1 and Tim-3, in exhausted CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with more apparent down-regulation of Tim-3, suggesting that Tim-3 molecule may be a major target in restoring exhausted T cell responses. Collectively, these results provide valuable new insights into the use of vp-genkwa to develop a therapeutic strategy for chronic human diseases, such as hepatitis B and C virus, human immunodeficiency virus, and cancers.

ISSN 

0147-9571

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2015.02.001

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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