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Title 

Improvement in spinal cord injury-induced bladder fibrosis using mesenchymal stem cell transplantation into the bladder wall

Authors 

H J LeeJ AnS W DooJ H KimS S ChoiSang-Rae LeeS W ParkY S SongS U Kim

Publisher 

Cognizant Communication Corporation

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Cell Transplantation, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 1253-1263

Keywords 

Bladder fibrosisHuman mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)Spinal cord injury (SCI)

Abstract 

Experiments on spinal cord injury (SCI) have largely focused on the transplantation of stem cells into injured spinal cords for motor recovery while neglecting to investigate bladder dysfunction. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of B10 human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) directly transplanted into the bladder wall of SCI rats and to determine whether they are capable of inhibiting collagen deposition and improving cystometric parameters in SCI rats. Forty 6-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups (group 1: control, group 2: sham operated, group 3: SCI, group 4: SCI rats that received B10 cells). B10 cells were labeled with fluorescent magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Four weeks after the onset of SCI, MNP-labeled B10 cells were injected to the bladder wall. Serial magnetic resonance (MR) images were taken immediately after MNP-B10 injection and at 4 weeks posttransplantation. Voiding function was assessed at 4 weeks posttransplantation, and the bladder was harvested. Improvements in bladder fibrosis and bladder function were monitored by molecular MR imaging. Transplantation of B10 cells into the SCI rats markedly reduced their weights and collagen deposition. MR images showed a clear hypointense signal induced by the MNP-labeled B10 cells at 4 weeks posttransplantation. Transplanted B10 cells were found to differentiate into smooth muscle cells. The intercontraction interval decreased, and the maximal voiding pressure increased after SCI but recovered after B10 cell transplantation. Survival of B10 cells was found at 4 weeks posttransplantation using anti-human mitochondria antibody staining and MR imaging. The transplanted B10 cells inhibited bladder fibrosis and ameliorated bladder dysfunction in the rat SCI model. MSC-based cell transplantation may be a novel therapeutic strategy for bladder dysfunction in patients with SCI.

ISSN 

0963-6897

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368914X682125

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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