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Title 

Deciphering the conserved genetic loci implicated in plant disease control through comparative genomics of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum

Authors 

M J HossainC RanK LiuChoong-Min RyuC R Rasmussen-IveyM A WilliamsM K HassanSoo Keun ChoiJeong HaeyoungM NewmanJ W KloepperM R Liles

Publisher 

Frontiers Media

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 6, no. 0, pp. 631-631

Keywords 

BacillusBacterial spot diseaseBiocontrolHost colonizationPGPRPlantarum

Abstract 

To understand the growth-promoting and disease-inhibiting activities of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains, the genomes of 12 Bacillus subtilis group strains with PGPR activity were sequenced and analyzed. These B. subtilis strains exhibited high genomic diversity, whereas the genomes of B. amyloliquefaciens strains (a member of the B. subtilis group) are highly conserved. A pairwise BLASTp matrix revealed that gene family similarity among Bacillus genomes ranges from 32 to 90%, with 2839 genes within the core genome of B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum. Comparative genomic analyses of B. amyloliquefaciens strains identified genes that are linked with biological control and colonization of roots and/or leaves, including 73 genes uniquely associated with subsp. plantarum strains that have predicted functions related to signaling, transportation, secondary metabolite production, and carbon source utilization. Although B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum strains contain gene clusters that encode many different secondary metabolites, only polyketide biosynthetic clusters that encode difficidin and macrolactin are conserved within this subspecies. To evaluate their role in plant pathogen biocontrol, genes involved in secondary metabolite biosynthesis were deleted in a B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum strain, revealing that difficidin expression is critical in reducing the severity of disease, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria in tomato plants. This study defines genomic features of PGPR strains and links them with biocontrol activity and with host colonization.

ISSN 

1664-462X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00631

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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