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Title 

The evolutionary dynamics of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in south-central Vietnam reveals multiple clades evolving from Chinese and Cambodian viruses

Authors 

T H NguyenV T ThanH D ThanhV Q NguyenK H NguyenD T NguyenJ H ParkI S ChungDae Gwin JeongKyu Tae ChangTae Kwang OhW Kim

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2015

Citation 

Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 42, no. 0, pp. 21-30

Keywords 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1PoultrySouth-central Vietnam.

Abstract 

In Vietnam, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), such as that caused by H5N1 viruses, is the most highly contagious infectious disease that has been affecting domestic poultry in recent years. Vietnam might be an evolutionary hotspot and a potential source of globally pandemic strains. However, few studies have reported viruses circulating in the south-central region of Vietnam. In the present study, 47 H5N1-positive samples were collected from both vaccinated and unvaccinated poultry farms in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam during 2013-2014, and their genetic diversity was analyzed. A common sequence motif for HPAI virus was identified at HA-cleavage sites in all samples: either RERRRKR/G (clades 2.3.2.1c and 2.3.2.1a) or REGRRKKR/G (clade 1.1.2). Phylogenetic analysis of HA genes identified three clades of HPAI H5N1: 1.1.2 (n=1), 2.3.2.1a (n=1), and 2.3.2.1c (n=45). The phylogenetic analysis indicated that these Vietnamese clades may have evolved from Chinese and Cambodian virus clades isolated in 2012-2013 but are less closely related to the clades detected from the Tyva Republic, Bulgaria, Mongolia, Japan, and Korea in 2009-2011. Detection of the coexistence of virus clades 2.3.2.1 and the very virulent 1.1.2 in the south-central region. s suggests their local importance and highlights concerns regarding their spread, both northwards and southwards, as well as the potential for reassortment. The obtained data highlight the importance of regular identification of viral evolution and the development and use of region-specific vaccines.

ISSN 

0147-9571

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2015.08.001

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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