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Title 

Glycinebetaine synthesizing transgenic potato plants exhibit enhanced tolerance to salt and cold stresses

Authors 

R AhmadJ HussainM JamilMyoung Duck KimSang Soo KwakM M ShahS E El-HendawyN A AL-SuhaibaniS U Rehman

Publisher 

University of Karachi

Issue Date 

2014

Citation 

Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1987-1999

Keywords 

Abiotic stress toleranceCholine oxidaseGlycinebetainPotatoTransgenic

Abstract 

Abiotic stresses are the most important contributors towards low productivity of major food crops. Various attempts have been made to enhance abiotic stress tolerance of crop plants by classical breeding and genetic transformation. Genetic transformation with glycinebetaine (GB) synthesizing enzymes’ gene(s) in naturally non accumulating plants has resulted in enhanced tolerance against variety of abiotic stresses. Present study was aimed to evaluate the performance of GB synthesizing transgenic potato plants against salt and cold stresses. Transgenic potato plants were challenged against salt and cold stresses at whole plant level. Transgenic lines were characterized to determine the transgene copy number. Different parameters like membrane integrity, chlorophyll contents, tuber yield and vegetative biomass were studied to monitor the stress tolerance of transgenic potato plants. The results were compared with Non-transgenic (NT) plants and statistically analyzed to evaluate significant differences. Multi-copy insertion of expression cassette was found in both transgenic lines. Upon salt stress, transgenic plants maintained better growth as compared to NT plants. The tuber yield of transgenic plants was significantly greater than NT plants in salt stress. Transgenic plants showed improved membrane integrity against cold stress by depicting appreciably reduced ion leakage as compared to NT plants. Moreover, transgenic plants showed significantly less chlorophyll bleaching than NT plants upon cold stress. In addition, NT plants accumulated significantly less biomass, and yielded fewer tubers as compared to transgenic plants after cold stress treatment. The study will be a committed step for field evaluation of transgenic plants with the aim of commercialization.

ISSN 

0556-3321

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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