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Title 

PLAG (1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol) augments the therapeutic effect of pegfilgrastim on gemcitabine-induced neutropenia

Authors 

Nina YooHa-Reum LeeSu Hyun ShinK Y SohnH J KimY H HanS ChongM H KimS Y YoonJae Wha Kim

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2016

Citation 

Cancer Letters, vol. 377, no. 1, pp. 25-31

Keywords 

DiacylglycerolG-CSFGemcitabineNeutropeniaPegfilgrastim

Abstract 

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is widely used for preventing neutropenia during chemotherapy. Polyethylene glycol-conjugated granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-G-CSF, pegfilgrastim) serves the same purpose but has a longer half-life and greater stability than G-CSF. In this study, we investigated whether 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol, acetylated diglyceride (PLAG), augments the therapeutic effect of pegfilgrastim on chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. We compared neutrophil counts in four groups of mice: control mice, gemcitabine-treated mice, gemcitabine/pegfilgrastim-treated mice, and gemcitabine/pegfilgrastim/PLAG-treated mice. PLAG (50 mg/kg) was orally administered every day during the treatment course. CBC analysis showed that the group treated with PLAG experienced a dramatically increased neutrophil counts on the third day following pegfilgrastim treatment. PLAG had no effect on blood cell apoptosis and neutrophil release from bone marrow. Additionally, pegfilgrastim-induced CXCR2 expression in neutrophils was markedly decreased in PLAG-treated animals. These results suggest that PLAG plays a role in inhibiting neutrophil extravasation, giving rise to an increased number of circulating neutrophils when used with pegfilgrastim during gemcitabine treatment. These data support the potential for PLAG to be used with pegfilgrastim to treat or prevent chemotherapy-induced neutropenia by modulating neutrophil transmigration.

ISSN 

0304-3835

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2016.04.025

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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