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Title 

Nuclear speckle-related protein 70 binds to serine/argininerich splicing factors 1 and 2 via an arginine/serine-like region and counteracts their alternative splicing activity

Authors 

C H KimYoung-Dae KimE K ChoiH R KimB R NaS H ImC D Jun

Publisher 

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Issue Date 

2016

Citation 

Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 291, no. 12, pp. 6169-6181

Abstract 

Nuclear speckles are subnuclear storage sites containing pre-mRNA splicing machinery. Proteins assembled in nuclear speckles are known to modulate transcription and pre-mRNA processing. We have,previously identified nuclear speckle-related protein 70 (NSrp70) as a novel serine/arginine (SR)-related protein that co-localizes with classical SR proteins such as serine/ arginine-rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1 or ASF/SF2) and SRSF2 (SC35). NSrp70 mediates alternative splice site selection, targeting several pre-mRNAs, including CD44 exon v5. Here we demonstrated that NSrp70 interacts physically with two SR proteins, SRSF1 and SRSF2, and reverses their splicing activity in terms of CD44 exon v5 as exon exclusion. The NSrp70 RS-like region was subdivided into three areas. Deletion of the first arginine/ serine-rich-like region (RS1) completely abrogated binding to the SR proteins and to target mRNA and also failed to induce splicing of CD44 exon v5, suggesting that RS1 is critical for NSrp70 functioning. Interestingly, RS1 deletion also resulted in the loss of NSrp70 and SR protein speckle positioning, implying a potential scaffolding role for NSrp70 in nuclear speckles. NSrp70 contains an N- Terminal coiled-coil domain that is critical not only for self-oligomerization but also for splicing activity. Consistently, deletion of the coiled-coil domain resulted in indefinite formation of nuclear speckles. Collectively, these results demonstrate that NSrp70 acts as a new molecular counterpart for alternative splicing of target RNA, counteracting SRSF1 and SRSF2 splicing activity.

ISSN 

0021-9258

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.689414

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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