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Title 

Natural killer cell subsets and receptor expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a healthy Korean population: reference range, influence of age and sex, and correlation between NK cell receptors and cytotoxicity

Authors 

M T PhanS ChunS H KimA K AliS H LeeSeok Ho KimD Cho

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2017

Citation 

Human Immunology

Keywords 

CytotoxicityNCRNK cellsReceptorReference rangeSubset

Abstract 

Background The purpose of this study was to identify CD56bright and CD56dim natural killer (NK) cell subsets and analyze their receptors expression in a healthy Korean population, and to determine whether receptor expression correlates with age, sex, and cytotoxicity. Materials and methods We performed multicolor flow cytometry assays to analyze the expression of various NK cell receptors (CD16, NKG2A, NKG2C, NKG2D, CD57, DNAM-1, CD8a, CD62L, NKp30, and NKp46) on both CD3?/CD56dim and CD3?/CD56bright NK cells in whole-blood samples from 122 healthy donors. The expression of these receptors was compared according to age (<30?years, n?=?22, 30?60?years, n?=?73 and >60?years, n?=?27) and gender (male, n?=?61, female, n?=?61). NK cell cytotoxicity assays were performed with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 18 individuals. The results were compared to the expression levels of NKp30 and NKp46 receptors. Results A normal reference range for NK cell receptor expression in two NK cell subsets was established. NKp46 and NKG2D expression gradually decreased with age (p?<?0.01 and p?<?0.05, respectively) whereas NK cell proportion and numbers, frequencies of CD56dim cells, and CD57 expression increased with age (p?<?0.01 in all cases). Men showed greater NK cell proportion and numbers, frequencies of CD56dim cells, and CD57 expression compared to those of women (p?<?0.05 and p?<?0.001; p?<?0.01 and p?<?0.01, respectively). Notably, the expression of NKp46 was negatively correlated with NK cell frequency (r?=??0.42, p?<?0.001). Furthermore, NK cell cytotoxicity was found to positively correlate with NCR expression (p?=?0.02), but not NK cell proportion (p?=?0.80). Conclusion We have established a profile of NK cell surface receptors for a Korean population, and revealed that age and gender have an effect on the expression of NK cell receptors in the population. Our data might explain why neither NK cell numbers nor proportions correlate with NK cell cytotoxicity.

ISSN 

0198-8859

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2016.11.006

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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