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Title 

Biomass-derived molecules modulate the behavior of Streptomyces coelicolor for antibiotic production

Authors 

S K BhatiaB R LeeG SathiyanarayananH S SongJ KimJ M JeonJ J YoonJungoh AhnK ParkY H Yang

Publisher 

SpringerOpen

Issue Date 

2016

Citation 

3 BIOTECH

Keywords 

AntibioticBiomassFurfuralStreptomyces coelicolorVanillin

Abstract 

Various chemicals, i.e., furfural, vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and acetate produced during the pretreatment of biomass affect microbial fermentation. In this study, effect of vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and acetate on antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor is investigated. IC50 value of vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and acetate was recorded as 5, 11.3 and 115 mM, respectively. Vanillin was found as a very effective molecule, and it completely abolished antibiotic (undecylprodigiosin and actinorhodin) production at 1 mM concentration, while 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and acetate have little effect. Microscopic analysis with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) showed that addition of vanillin inhibits mycelia formation and increases differentiation of S. coelicolor cells. Vanillin increases expression of genes responsible for sporulation (ssgA) and decreases expression of antibiotic transcriptional regulator (redD and actII-orf4), while it has no effect on genes related to the mycelia formation (bldA and bldN) and quorum sensing (scbA and scbR). Vanillin does not affect the glycolysis process, but may affect acetate and pyruvate accumulation which leads to increase in fatty acid accumulation. The production of antibiotics using biomass hydrolysates can be quite complex due to the presence of exogenous chemicals such as furfural and vanillin, and needs further detailed study

ISSN 

2190-572X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-016-0539-y

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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