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Title 

Rapid virulence shift of an H5N2 avian influenza virus during a single passage in mice

Authors 

J H NamS M ShimE J SongE EspanoDae Gwin JeongD SongJ K Kim

Publisher 

Springer Verlag (Germany)

Issue Date 

2017

Citation 

Archives of Virology

Abstract 

Influenza A viruses must undergo adaptation to acquire virulence in new host species. In mouse models, host adaptation for virulence is generally performed through 5 to 20 lung-to-lung passages. However, highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (e.g., H5N1 and H7N7 subtypes) have been observed to acquire virulence in mice after only a few in vivo passages. In this study, a low-pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 virus, A/Aquatic Bird/Korea/CN2/2009, which was a prevalent subtype in South Korea in 2009, was serially passaged in mice to evaluate its potential to become highly pathogenic. Unexpectedly, the virus became highly pathogenic in mice after a single lung-to-lung passage, resulting in 100% lethality with a mean death time (MDT) of 6.1 days postinfection (DPI). Moreover, the pathogenicity gradually increased after subsequent in vivo passages with an MDT of 5.2 and 4.2 DPI after the second and third passage, respectively. Our molecular analysis revealed that two amino acid changes in the polymerase complex (a glutamate-to-lysine substitution at position 627 of PB2 and a threonine-to-isoleucine substitution at position 97 of PA) were associated with the increased pathogenicity; the PB2 E627K mutation was responsible for the initial virulence conversion (0 to 100% lethality), while the PA T97I mutation acted as an accessory for the increased virulence

ISSN 

0304-8608

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-017-3451-9

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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