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Title 

Application of biosurfactant from Bacillus subtilis C9 for controlling cladoceran grazers in algal cultivation systems

Authors 

J H YunDae Hyun ChoB LeeHee-Sik KimY K Chang

Publisher 

Nature Publishing Group

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Scientific Reports

Abstract 

Open algal cultivation platforms often suffer crop losses to herbivorous grazers that have potential to devastate biomass production within a few days. While a number of studies suggest synthetic chemicals as control agents for voracious algal grazers, environmental and safety concerns associated with the use of these chemicals encourage the exploration of alternative biological control agents. We hereby propose the application of a biosurfactant produced by Bacillus subtilis C9 (referred to as C9-biosurfactant) for controlling cladoceran grazers commonly found in algal cultivation systems. The results indicated that C9-biosurfactant completely eradicated Daphnia pulex and Moina macrocopa within 24 hours when concentrations were equal to or exceeded 6 mg/L. Moreover, supplying C9-biosurfactant into the cultures of selected algal species with and without cladoceran grazers indicated no adverse effect of C9-biosurfactant on the growth and lipid productivity of algal crops, while cladocerans were selectively controlled by C9-biosurfactant even under the presence of their prey. These results thus indicate that C9-biosurfactant could be an effective biocontrol agent for cladoceran grazers at industrial algal cultivation

ISSN 

2045-2322

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23535-8

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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