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Title 

The anticancer effects of garlic extracts on bladder cancer compared to cisplatin: a common mechanism of action via centromere protein M

Authors 

W T KimS P SeoY J ByunH W KangY J KimS C LeeP JeongH J SongS Y ChoeD J KimSeon-Kyu KimY S HaS K MoonG T LeeI Y KimS J YunW J Kim

Publisher 

World Scientific Publishing

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Keywords 

GarlicGene regulatory networksMicroarray analysisUrinary bladder neoplasms

Abstract 

Although garlic induces apoptosis in cancer cells, it is unclear whether the effects are similar to those of cisplatin against bladder cancer (BC). Therefore, this study investigated whether garlic extracts and cisplatin show similar activity when used to treat BC. The effect of garlic on T24 BC cell line was examined in a BALB/C-nude mouse xenograft model and compared with that of cisplatin. Tissue microarray analysis and gene network analysis were performed to identify differences in gene expression by control tumors and tumors exposed to garlic extract or cisplatin. Investigation of gene expression based on tissues from 165 BC patients and normal controls was then performed to identify common targets of garlic and cisplatin. Tumor volume and tumor weight in cisplatin (0.05 mg/kg)- and garlictreated mice were significantly smaller than those in negative control mice. However, cisplatin- treated mice also showed a significant reduction in body weight. Microarray analysis of tumor tissue identified 515 common anticancer genes in the garlic and cisplatin groups (p < 0:01). Gene network analysis of 252 of these genes using the Cytoscape and ClueGo software packages mapped 17 genes and 9 gene ontologies to gene networks. BC (NMIBC and MIBC) patients with low expression of centromere protein M (CENPM) showed significantly better progression-free survival than those with high expression. Garlic extract shows anticancer activity in vivo similar to that of cisplatin, with no evident of side effects. Both appear to act by targeting protein-DNA complex assembly; in particular, expression of CENPM

ISSN 

0192-415X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X18500362

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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