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Title 

Distinct gating mechanism of SOC channel involving STIM?Orai coupling and an intramolecular interaction of Orai in Caenorhabditis elegans

Authors 

K M KimT WijerathneJ H HurU J KangI H KimY C KweonA R LeeS J JeongS K LeeY Y LeeBo Woong SimJong Hee LeeC BaigSun-Uk KimKyu Tae ChangK P LeeC Y Park

Publisher 

National Academy of Sciences

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Keywords 

Ca2+ signalingCaenorhabditis elegansOrai1SOCESTIM1

Abstract 

Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE), an important mechanism of Ca2+ signaling in a wide range of cell types, is mediated by stromal interaction molecule (STIM), which senses the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores and binds and activates Orai channels in the plasma membrane. This inside-out mechanism of Ca2+ signaling raises an interesting question about the evolution of SOCE: How did these two proteins existing in different cellular compartments evolve to interact with each other? We investigated the gating mechanism of Caenorhabditis elegans Orai channels. Our analysis revealed a mechanism of Orai gating by STIM binding to the intracellular 2?3 loop of Orai in C. elegans that is radically different from Orai gating by STIM binding to the N and C termini of Orai in mammals. In addition, we found that the conserved hydrophobic amino acids in the 2?3 loop of Orai1 are important for the oligomerization and gating of channels and are regulated via an intramolecular interaction mechanism mediated by the N and C termini of Orai1. This study identifies a previously unknown SOCE mechanism in C. elegans and suggests that, while the STIM?Orai interaction is conserved between invertebrates and mammals, the gating mechanism for Orai channels differs considerably.

ISSN 

0027-8424

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714986115

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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