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Title 

Isoliquiritigenin attenuates glutamate-induced mitochondrial fission via calcineurin-mediated Drp1 dephosphorylation in HT22 hippocampal neuron cells

Authors 

D G LeeJu-Sik MinH S LeeD S Lee

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

NeuroToxicology

Keywords 

CalcineurinDrp1GlutamateIsoliquiritigeninMitochondrial dynamicsNeurotoxicity

Abstract 

Numerous studies suggest that glutamate toxicity is a major contributor to neuronal dysfunction and death in several neurodegenerative diseases. In our previous study, isoliquiritigenin (ISL) isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis showed neuroprotective effects against neuronal cell death mediated by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. However, the mechanisms by which ISL protects against glutamate-induced oxidative stress are unknown. In the present study, we focused on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibition of ROS production and induction of mitochondrial dysfunction by ISL in glutamate-stimulated HT22 mouse hippocampal neuron cells. The results revealed that ISL inhibited glutamate-induced mitochondrial ROS production and decline of glutathione levels and ATP generation in HT22 cells. Interestingly, we discovered that ISL prevents glutamate-induced mitochondrial fission by inhibiting the dephosphorylation of Drp1 at the serine 637 residue, which is a regulatory factor of mitochondrial dynamics, and both a S637D mutation of Drp1, which resulted in a phosphorylation-mimetic form of Drp1 at Ser637, and mitochondria-targeted antioxidant Mito-TEMPO inhibited glutamate-induced mitochondrial fission. Furthermore, ISL also prevented the increase of intracellular calcium accompanied by activation of calcineurin, which is a key regulator of dephosphorylation of Drp1 (Ser637), in glutamate-treated HT22 cells. Taken together, our results demonstrated that ISL protects against glutamate-induced mitochondrial fission by inhibiting the increase of mitochondrial ROS and intracellular calcium, which are accompanied by dephosphorylation of Drp1 (Ser637), and consequently attenuates glutamate-induced neuronal cell death. Therefore, these findings suggest that ISL exhibits the potential for protection against glutamate toxicity. These results may contribute to the development of new drugs and novel strategies for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders related to glutamate toxicity.

ISSN 

0161-813X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2018.07.011

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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