상세 정보

underline
Metadata Downloads : dc(xml) or Excel
Cited 0 time in scopus ci

Title 

The p21-activated kinase 4-Slug transcription factor axis promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition and worsens prognosis in prostate cancer

Authors 

J J ParkM H ParkE H OhNak Kyun SoungS J LeeJ K JungO J LeeS J YunW J KimE Y ShinE G Kim

Publisher 

Nature Publishing Group

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Oncogene

Abstract 

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) facilitates cancer invasion and metastasis and thus accelerates cancer progression. p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) is a critical regulator of prostate cancer (PC) progression. Here, we report that PAK4 activation promotes PC progression through the EMT regulator Slug. We find that phosphorylated PAK4S474 (pPAK4) levels, an index of PAK4 activation, were tightly associated with Gleason score (p?<?0.001), a clinical indicator of PC progression, but not with prostate serum antigen levels or tumor stage. Stable silencing of PAK4 in PC cells reduced their potential for EMT, cellular invasion, and metastasis in vivo. PAK4 bound and directly phosphorylated Slug at two previously unknown sites, S158 and S254, which resulted in its stabilization. The non-phosphorylatable form SlugS158A/S254A upregulated transcription of CDH1, which encodes E-cadherin, and thus suppressed EMT and invasion, to a greater extent than did wild-type Slug. The strong EMT inducer TGF-β elevated pPAK4 and pSlugS158 levels; PAK4 knockdown or introduction of a dominant-negative form of PAK4 inhibited both TGF-β-stimulated EMT and an increase in pSlugS158 levels. Finally, immunohistochemistry revealed a positive correlation between pPAK4 and pSlugS158 but an inverse correlation between pSlugS158 and E-cadherin. The results suggest that the PAK4-Slug axis represents a novel pathway that promotes PC progression.

ISSN 

0950-9232

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-018-0327-8

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


There are no files associated with this item.
qrcode

FusionCharts.
DSpace Software Coptright(c) 2010 MIT and Hewleft-Packard  /  KRIBB-REPOSITORY ( Email:jakim@kribb.re.kr)