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Title 

BCI induces apoptosis via generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of intrinsic mitochondrial pathway in H1299 lung cancer cells

Authors 

J W ShinS B KwonY BakSangku LeeD Y Yoon

Publisher 

Springer Verlag (Germany)

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Science China Life Sciences

Keywords 

BCIROSanticancerapoptosiscytotoxicitynon-small cell lung cancer

Abstract 

The compound (E)-2-benzylidene-3-(cyclohexylamino)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-one (BCI) is known as an inhibitor of dual specific phosphatase 1/6 and mitogen-activated protein kinase. However, its precise anti-lung cancer mechanism remains unknown. In this study, the effects of BCI on the viability of non-small cell lung cancer cell lines NCI-H1299, A549, and NCI-H460 were evaluated. We confirmed that BCI significantly inhibited the viability of p53(-) NCI-H1299 cells as compared to NCI-H460 and A549 cells, which express wild-type p53. Furthermore, BCI treatment increased the level of cellular reactive oxygen species and pre-treatment of cells with N-acetylcysteine markedly attenuated BCI-mediated apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells. BCI induced cellular morphological changes, inhibited viability, and produced reactive oxygen species in NCI-H1299 cells in a dose-dependent manner. BCI induced processing of caspase-9, caspase-3, and poly ADP-ribose polymerase as well as the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria into the cytosol. In addition, BCI downregulated Bcl-2 expression and enhanced Bax expression in a dose-dependent manner in NCI-H1299 cells. However, BCI failed to modulate the expression of the death receptor and extrinsic factor caspase-8 and Bid, a linker between the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways in NCI-H1299 cells. Thus, BCI induces apoptosis via generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of the intrinsic pathway in NCI-H1299 cells.

ISSN 

1674-7305

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11427-017-9191-1

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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