상세 정보

underline
Metadata Downloads : dc(xml) or Excel
Cited 0 time in scopus ci

Title 

Preventive effect of garlic oil and its organosulfur component diallyl-disulfide on cigarette smoke-induced airway inflammation in mice

Authors 

J W KoS H JeongHyung Jun KwonN R ShinY S SeoJ C KimI S ShinJ S Kim

Publisher 

MDPI

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Nutrients

Keywords 

airway inflammationcigarette smokediallyl disulfideextracellular signal-regulated kinasegarlic oilmatrix metalloproteinase-9

Abstract 

Garlic (Allium sativum) has traditionally been used as a medicinal food and exhibits various beneficial activities, such as antitumor, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic, antiarthritic, and hypoglycemic activities. The aim of this study was to explore the preventive effect of garlic oil (GO) and its organosulfur component diallyl disulfide (DADS) on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway inflammation. Mice were exposed to CS daily for 1 h (equivalent to eight cigarettes per day) for two weeks, and intranasally instilled with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on day 12 after the initiation of CS exposure. GO and DADS were administered to mice by oral gavage, both at rates of 20 and 40 mg/kg, for 1 h before CS exposure for two weeks. In the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, GO and DADS inhibited the elevation in the counts of inflammatory cells, particularly neutrophils, which were induced in the CS and LPS (CS + LPS) group. This was accompanied by the lowered production (relative to the CS + LPS group) of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Histologically, GO and DADS inhibited the CS- and LPS-induced infiltration of inflammatory cells into lung tissues. Additionally, GO and DADS inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in the lung tissues. Taken together, these findings indicate that GO and DADS could be a potential preventive agent in CS-induced airway inflammation.

ISSN 

2072-6643

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10111659

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


There are no files associated with this item.
qrcode

FusionCharts.
DSpace Software Coptright(c) 2010 MIT and Hewleft-Packard  /  KRIBB-REPOSITORY ( Email:jakim@kribb.re.kr)