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Title 

Enhanced tolerance to heat stress in transgenic tomato seeds and seedlings overexpressing a trehalose-6-phosphate synthase/phosphatase fusion gene

Authors 

Jae Il LyuJi Hyun ParkJ K KimC H BaeWon Joong JeongSung Ran MinJang Ryol Liu

Publisher 

Springer Verlag (Germany)

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Plant Biotechnology Reports

Keywords 

Heat stressHeat stress-responsive genesSolanum lycopersicumTomatoTrehalose

Abstract 

A fusion gene coding for trehalose-6-phosphate synthase/phosphatase (TPSP) derived from Escherichia coli was introduced into tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Joyful) to generate overexpressing lines and enhance the level of trehalose in the seeds. Trehalose has been implicated in tolerance to abiotic stress in plants, so the response to heat stress of seeds from the transgenic lines and seeds from wild-type plants were compared. Wild-type heat-treated seeds had a germination rate of 17%, while four transgenic lines had germination rates over 50% following heat stress. In one heat-treated transgenic line, 100% of the seeds germinated, and therefore had a germination rate six times that of seeds from wild-type plants. Moreover, quantitative PCR revealed that the expression of diverse genes that respond to heat stress was enhanced in TPSP transgenic seeds compared to wild-type seeds 150 min after the onset of heat stress. The enhanced germination rate and expression of these genes in the transgenic seeds were essentially mimicked in wild-type seeds treated with 1 mM exogenous trehalose. Therefore, accumulated trehalose and associated metabolites may act as signaling molecules that enhance the expression of heat stress-responsive genes and confer heat-stress tolerance to seeds.

ISSN 

1863-5466

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11816-018-0505-8

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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