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Title 

Transcriptional regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis in a high-anthocyanin resynthesized Brassica napus cultivar

Authors 

G GoswamiU K NathJ I ParkM R HossainM K BiswasH T KimHyeran KimI S Nou

Publisher 

BMC

Issue Date 

2018

Citation 

Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki

Keywords 

Additive expressionAnthocyaninsBrassica napusMicrosyntenyResynthesizedTransgressive expression

Abstract 

Background: Anthocyanins are plant secondary metabolites with key roles in attracting insect pollinators and protecting against biotic and abiotic stresses. They have potential health-promoting effects as part of the human diet. Anthocyanin biosynthesis has been elucidated in many species, enabling the development of anthocyanin-enriched fruits, vegetables, and grains; however, few studies have investigated Brassica napus anthocyanin biosynthesis. Results: We developed a high-anthocyanin resynthesized B. napus line, Rs035, by crossing anthocyanin-rich B. rapa (A genome) and B. oleracea (C genome) lines, followed by chromosome doubling. We identified and characterized 73 and 58 anthocyanin biosynthesis genes in silico in the A and C genomes, respectively; these genes showed syntenic relationships with 41 genes in Arabidopsis thaliana and B. napus. Among the syntenic genes, twelve biosynthetic and six regulatory genes showed transgressively higher expression in Rs035, and eight structural genes and one regulatory gene showed additive expression. We identified three early-, four late-biosynthesis pathways, three transcriptional regulator genes, and one transporter as putative candidates enhancing anthocyanin accumulation in Rs035. Principal component analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficients corroborated the contribution of these genes to anthocyanin accumulation. Conclusions: Our study lays the foundation for producing high-anthocyanin B. napus cultivars. The resynthesized lines and the differentially expressed genes we have identified could be used to transfer the anthocyanin traits to other commercial rapeseed lines using molecular and conventional breeding.

ISSN 

2241-5793

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40709-018-0090-6

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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