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Title 

Demethylation and microRNA differential expression regulate plasma-induced improvement of chicken sperm quality

Authors 

J J ZhangN ChandimaliN KimT Y KangS B KimJi-Su KimX Z WangTaeho KwonD K Jeong

Publisher 

Nature Publishing Group

Issue Date 

2019

Citation 

Scientific Reports

Abstract 

The sperm quality is a vital economical requisite of poultry production. Our previous study found nonthermal dielectric barrier discharge plasma exposure on fertilized eggs could increase the chicken growth and the male reproduction. However, it is unclear how plasma treatment regulates the reproductive capacity in male chickens. In this study, we used the optimal plasma treatment condition (2.81 W for 2 min) which has been applied on 3.5-day-incubated fertilized eggs in the previous work and investigated the reproductive performance in male chickens aged at 20 and 40 weeks. The results showed that plasma exposure increased sperm count, motility, fertility rate, and fertilization period of male chickens. The sperm quality-promoting effect of plasma treatment was regulated by the significant improvements of adenosine triphosphate production and testosterone level, and by the modulation of reactive oxygen species balance and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin pathway in the spermatozoa. Additionally, the plasma effect suggested that DNA demethylation and microRNA differential expression (a total number of 39 microRNAs were up-regulated whereas 53 microRNAs down-regulated in the testis) regulated the increases of adenosine triphosphate synthesis and testosterone level for promoting the chicken sperm quality. This finding might be beneficial to elevate the fertilization rate and embryo quality for the next generation in poultry breeding.

URI 

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45087-1

ISSN 

2045-2322

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-07-10


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