상세 정보

underline
Metadata Downloads : dc(xml) or Excel
Cited 0 time in scopus ci

Title 

Structure-biological activity relationships of 11-residue highly basic peptide segment of bovine lactoferrin

Authors 

Joo Hyun KangMyung Kyu LeeKil Lyong KimKyung Soo Hahm

Issue Date 

1996

Citation 

International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 357-363

Keywords 

antimicrobial activitybovine lactoferrinCD spectrahemolysislactoferricinlactoferrinpeptide synthesisstructure activity relation

Abstract 

The antimicrobial peptide, lactoferricin, is generated upon the gastric pepsin cleavage of lactoferrin and has many basic and hydrophobic amino acid residues essential for its biological activity. To investigate the structure-antimicrobial activity relationships, the basic amino acid-rich region of bovine lactoferricin (BLFC), RRWQWRMKKLG, was selected. Using chemically synthesized BLFC and its substituted peptides, the antimicrobial activities of the peptides were tested by determining the minimal, inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis and the disruption of the outer cell membrane of E. coli, and the peptide's toxicities were assayed by hemolysis. The short peptide (B3) composed of only 11 residues had similar antimicrobial activities while losing most of the hemolytic activities as compared with the 25 residue-long ones (B1 and B2). The short peptides (B3, B5 and B7) with double arginines at the N-termini had more potent antimicrobial activity than those (B4 and B6) with lysine. However, no antimicrobial and hemolytic activities were found in B8, in which all basic amino acids were substituted with glutamic acid, and in B9, in which all hydrophobic amino acids were substituted with alanine. The circular dichroism (CD) spectra of the short peptides in 30 mM SDS were correlated with their antimicrobial activities. These results suggested that the 11-residue peptide of BLFC is involved in the interaction with bacterial phospholipid membranes and plays an important role in antimicrobial activity with little or no hemolytic activity.

ISSN 

0020-7551

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


There are no files associated with this item.
qrcode

FusionCharts.
DSpace Software Coptright(c) 2010 MIT and Hewleft-Packard  /  KRIBB-REPOSITORY ( Email:jakim@kribb.re.kr)