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Title 

Production and properties of a lipopeptide biosurfactant from Bacillus subtilis C9

Authors 

Hee Sik KimByung Dae YoonChang Ho LeeHyun Hyo SuhHee-Mock OhTohoru KatsuragiYoshiki Tani

Issue Date 

1997

Citation 

Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 41-46

Keywords 

biosurfactantlipopeptideBacillus subtilisproductionpropertiesstability

Abstract 

A lipopeptide biosurfactant, C9-BS produced by Bacillus (B.) subtilis C9, emulsified hydrocarbons, vegetable oil and crude oil. A high yield of C9- BS was obtained from a culture of B. subtilis C9 using a carbohydrate substrate, while a hydrocarbon substrate inhibited the production of the biosurfactant. The optimum medium for the production of C9-BS was as follows (g/l): glucose, 40; NH4HCO3, 13.5; K2HPO4, 10.5; NaH2PO4, 1.5; MgSO4.7H2O, 0.5; MnSO4 · 4H2O, 0.05; yeast extract, 0.5. The initial pH was 8.0 and the culture temperature was 30°C. The biosurfactant C9-BS was obtained by collection of the foam that overflowed in the fermentor culture. The production of the biosurfactant by B. subtilis C9 was growth-associated. Under O2-limited conditions. C9-BS was produced in a 3-fold higher yield compared to that under O2-sufficient conditions. C9-BS is soluble in ethanol, acetone, methanol, butanol, chloroform, dichloromethane and alkaline water. The biosurfactant C9-BS lowered the surface tension of water to 28.5 dyne/cm, and the CMC (critical micelle concentration) was 40 μM. C9-BS was stable from pH 5.0 to pH 9.5, in incubation at 100°C for 1 h, and at a salt concentration of 1,000 mM for NaCl and 10 mM for CaCl2.

ISSN 

0385-6380

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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