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Title 

Hepatitis C virus envelope proteins bind lactoferrin

Authors 

Min Kyung YiShuichi KanekoDae Yeul YuSeishi Murakami

Publisher 

American Society for Microbiology

Issue Date 

1997

Citation 

Journal of Virology, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 5997-6002

Keywords 

lactoferrinvirus envelope proteinamino terminal sequenceantibacterial activityHepatitis C virusimmunoprecipitationpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresisprotein bindingprotein interactionBinding Sites

Abstract 

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has two envelope proteins, E1 and E2, which form a heterooligomer. During dissection of interacting regions of HCV E1 and E2, we found the presence of an interfering compound or compounds in skim milk. Here we report that human as well as bovine lactoferrin, a multifunctional immunomodulator, binds two HCV envelope proteins. As determined by far- Western blotting, the bacterially expressed E1 and E2 could bind lactoferrin in human milk directly separated or immunopurified and separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The bindings of lactoferrin and HCV envelope proteins in vitro were confirmed by another method, the pull-down assay, with immunoprecipitated lactoferrin-bound protein A resin. By the same assay, mammal-expressed recombinant E1 and E2 and were also demonstrated to bind human lactoferrin efficiently in vitro. Direct interaction between E2 and lactoferrin was proved in vivo, since anti- human lactoferrin antibody efficiently coimmunoprecipitated with secreted and intracellular forms of the E2 protein, but no glutathione S-transferase (GST), from lysates of HepG2 cells transiently cotransfected with the expression plasmids of human lactoferrin and gE2t-GST (the N-terminal two- thirds of E2 fused to GST) or GST. The N-terminal loop of lactoferrin, the region important for the antibacterial activity, has only a little role in the binding ability to HCV E2 but affected the secretion or stability of lactoferrin. Taken together, these results indicate the specific interaction between lactoferrin and HCV envelope proteins in vivo and in vitro.

ISSN 

0022-538X

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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