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Title 

Generation and characterization of a novel single-gene-encoded single-chain immunoglobulin molecule with antigen binding activity and effector functions

Authors 

Hyun Sil LeeLiming ShuRoberto De PascalisMariateresa GiulianoMingzhu ZhuEduardo A PadlanPatricia Horan HandJeffrey SchlomHyo Jeong HongS V S Kashmiri

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

1999

Citation 

Molecular Immunology, vol. 36, no. 0, pp. 61-71

Keywords 

Antitumor antibodyTAG-72 AntigenCarcinomaSingle geneSingle-chain IgEffector function

Abstract 

Monoclonal antibody (MAb) CC49 is a murine IgG1 that reacts with tumor- associated glycoprotein (TAG)-72, a pancarcinoma antigen. Clinical trials using radiolabeled CC49 for diagnostic imaging have demonstrated specific localization of more than 90% of carcinomas. The feasibility of adopting in vivo gene inoculation methods for antibody-based immunotherapy requires introduction and expression of two genes, encoding immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy and light chains, in a single cell to generate a functional antibody. To circumvent the problems inherent in this approach, we have constructed a single-gene encoding a single-chain immunoglobulin (SCIg) that, unlike previously developed SCIgs, contains all IgG domains. To construct the novel SCIg, the carboxyl end of the constant region of the chimeric (c) CC49 kappa chain is joined, via a 30 residue Gly-Ser linker peptide, to the amino terminus of the CC49 heavy chain. To our knowledge, neither a linker peptide this long nor a linkage between the constant light (C(L)) and variable heavy domains has been reported previously. Transfectomas developed by introducing the expression construct of the amplifiable gene in dihydrofolate reductase- deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO dhfr-) cells secrete a 160 kDa homodimeric molecule, SCIgcCC49. The in vitro antigen binding properties of SCIgcCC49 are comparable to those of cCC49 and SCIgcCC49ΔC(H)1, a single- chain Ig deficient in constant heavy chain-1 (C(H)1) and C(L) domains. The antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of SCIgcCC49 and cCC49 were also comparable. This single-gene approach for generating an immunoglobulin molecule may facilitate in vivo gene inoculation as well as ex vivo transfection of patients' cultured tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes for immunotherapy protocols for a variety of diseases, including cancer.

ISSN 

0161-5890

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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