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Title 

Nuclear magnetic resonance solution conformation of α-conotoxin AuIB, an α3β4 subtype-selective neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist

Authors 

Jee Hyun ChoK Hun MokBaldomero M OliveraJ Michael McIntoshKyu Hwan ParkKyou Hoon Han

Publisher 

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Issue Date 

2000

Citation 

Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 275, no. 12, pp. 8680-8685

Keywords 

conotoxinnicotinic receptornicotinic receptor blocking agentreceptor subtypenuclear magnetic resonanceconotoxinsnicotinic antagonistsnuclear magnetic resonance, biomolecular

Abstract 

The neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors constitute a highly diverse group, with subtypes consisting of pentameric combinations of α and β subunits, α-Conotoxins are a homologous series of small peptides that antagonize these receptors. We present the three-dimensional solution structure of α-conotoxin AuIB, the first 15-residue α-conotoxin known to selectively block the α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype. The pair- wise backbone and heavy-atom root mean square deviation for an ensemble of 20 structures are 0.269 and 0.720 respectively. The overall fold of α- conotoxin AuIB closely resembles that of the α4/7 subfamily α-conotoxins. However, the absence of Tyr15, normally present in other α4/7 members, results in tight bending of the backbone at the C terminus and effectively renders Asp14 to assume the spatial location of Tyr15 present in other neuronal α4/7 α-conotoxins. Structural comparison of α-conotoxin AuIB with the α3β2 subtype-specific α-conotoxin MII shows different electrostatic surface charge distributions, which may be important in differential receptor subtype recognition.

ISSN 

0021-9258

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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