상세 정보

underline
Metadata Downloads : dc(xml) or Excel
Cited 0 time in scopus ci

Title 

Role of the hinge region and the tryptophan residue in the synthetic antimicrobial peptides, cecropin A(1-8)-magainin 2(1-12) and its analogues, on their antibiotic activities and structures

Authors 

Dong Hoon OhSong Yub ShinSang Won LeeJoo Hyun KangSun Don KimPan Dong RyuKyung Soo HahmYang Mee Kim

Publisher 

American Chemical Society

Issue Date 

2000

Citation 

Biochemistry, vol. 39, no. 39, pp. 11855-11864

Keywords 

alanineamino acidcecropin Amagainin 2tryptophanalpha helixamino acid sequenceantimicrobial activityantineoplastic activityhuman

Abstract 

A 20-residue hybrid peptide CA(1-8)-MA(1-12) (CA-MA), incorporating residues 1-8 of cecropin A (CA) and residues 1-12 of magainin 2 (MA), has potent antimicrobial activity without toxicity against human erythrocytes. To investigate the effects of the Gly-Ile-Gly hinge sequence of CA-MA on the antibacterial and antitumor activities, two analogues in which the Gly-Ile-Gly sequence of CA-MA is either deleted (P1) or substituted with Pro (P2) were synthesized. The role of the tryptophan residue at position 2 of CA-MA on its antibiotic activity was also investigated using two analogues, in which the Trp2 residue of CA-MA is replaced with either Ala (P3) or Leu (P4). The tertiary structures of CA-MA, P2, and P4 in DPC micelles, as determined by NMR spectroscopy, have a short amphiphilic helix in the N-terminus and about three turns of α-helix in the C-terminus, with the flexible hinge region between them. The P1 analogue has an α-helix from Leu4 to Ala14 without any hinge structure. P1 has significantly decreased lytic activities against bacterial and tumor cells and PC/PS vesicles (3:1, w/w), and reduced pore-forming activity on lipid bilayers, while P2 retained effective lytic activities and pore-forming activity. The N-terminal region of P3 has a flexible structure without any specific secondary structure. The P3 modification caused a drastic decrease in the antibiotic activities, whereas P4, with the hydrophobic Leu side chain at position 2, retained its activities. On the basis of the tertiary structures, antibiotic activities, vesicle-disrupting activities, and pore-forming activities, the structure-function relationships can be summarized as follows. The partial insertion of the Trp2 of CA-MA into the membrane, as well as the electrostatic interactions between the positively charged Lys residues at the N-terminus of the CA-MA and the anionic phospholipid headgroups, leads to the primary binding to the cell membrane. Then, the flexibility or bending potential induced by the Gly-Ile-Gly hinge sequence or the Pro residue in the central part of the peptides may allow the α-helix in the C-terminus to span the lipid bilayer. These structural features are crucial for the potent antibiotic activities of CA-MA.

ISSN 

0006-2960

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


There are no files associated with this item.
qrcode

FusionCharts.
DSpace Software Coptright(c) 2010 MIT and Hewleft-Packard  /  KRIBB-REPOSITORY ( Email:jakim@kribb.re.kr)