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Title 

Immunogenicity of the E1E2 proteins of hepatitis C virus expressed by recombinant adenoviruses

Authors 

Young Rim SeongSee Young ChoiJong Seok LimChan Hee HeeChong Kyo LeeDong Soo Im

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2001

Citation 

Vaccine, vol. 19, no. 20, pp. 2955-2964

Keywords 

hepatitis C virus envelope proteins E1 and E2recombinant adenovirusimmunogenicity

Abstract 

The E1 and E2 proteins of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are believed to be the viral envelope glycoproteins that are major candidate antigens for HCV vaccine development. We reported previously that the replication-competent recombinant adenovirus encoding core-E1-E2 genes of HCV (Ad/HCV) produces serologically reactive E1 and E2 proteins forming a heterodimer in substantial amounts. Here, we examined immunogenicity of the E1E2 proteins copurified from HeLa cells infected with Ad/HCV virus in mice. Furthermore, we constructed a replication-defective recombinant adenovirus encoding the core-E1-E2 genes of HCV (Ad.CMV.HCV) and examined immunogenicity of the virus in mice. The mice immunized intraperitoneally with the copurified E1E2 proteins induced mainly antibodies to E2, but not to E1 by Western blot analysis. The sera of mice immunized with the E1E2 inhibited the binding of E2 protein to the major extracellular loop of human CD81. E2-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs), but not antibodies to the E1E2 antigens were induced in the mice intramuscularly immunized with Ad.CMV.HCV virus. When immunized with both Ad.CMV.HCV virus and the E1E2, mice elicited E2-specific CTLs and antibodies to the E1E2 antigens. The results suggest that immunization of Ad.CMV.HCV virus combined with E2 protein is an effective modality to induce humoral as well as cellular immune response to E2 antigen.

ISSN 

0264-410X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-410X(00)00534-X

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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