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Title 

Diel rhythm of algal phosphate uptake rates in P-limited cyclostats and simulation of its effect on growth and competition

Authors 

Chi-Yong AhnA S ChungHee Mock Oh

Publisher 

Wiley-Blackwell

Issue Date 

2002

Citation 

Journal of Phycology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 695-704

Keywords 

competitioncyclostatdiel rhythmdroop modeloscillationphosphate uptakesimulationbiological rhythmcompetition (ecology)diel variation

Abstract 

Oscillations in the phosphate (Pi) uptake rates for three species of green algae were examined in a P-limited cyclostat. For Ankistrodesmus convolutus Corda and Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck, the Pi uptake rates increased during the daytime and decreased at night. In contrast, Chlamydomonas sp. exhibited the opposite uptake pattern. Cell densities also oscillated under a light:dark cycle, dividing at a species-specific timing rather than continuously. In general, the cell densities exhibited an inverse relationship with the Pi uptake rates. A competition experiment between A. convolutus and C. vulgaris in a P-limited cyclostat resulted in the dominance of C. vulgaris, regardless of the relative initial cell concentrations. Chlorella vulgaris also dominated in a mixed culture with Chlamydomonas sp., irrespective of the initial seeding ratio and dilution rate. However, Chlamydomonas sp. and A. convolutus coexisted in the competition experiment with gradual decrease of Chlamydomonas sp. when equally inoculated. Mathematical expressions of the oscillations in the Pi uptake rate and species-specific cell division gate were used to develop a simulation model based on the Droop equation. The simulation results for each of the species conformed reasonably well to the experimental data. The results of the competition experiments also matched the competition simulation predictions quite well, although the experimental competition was generally more delayed than the simulations. In conclusion, the model simulation that incorporated the effect of diel rhythms in nutrient uptake clearly demonstrated that species diversity could be enhanced by different oscillation patterns in resource uptake, even under the condition of limitation by the same resource.

ISSN 

0022-3646

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2002.01232.x

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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