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Title 

Alterations in intracellular and extracellular activities of antioxidant enzymes during suspension culture of sweetpotato

Authors 

Y H KimE H ChoSang Soo KwakSuk Yoon KwonJ M BaeB R LeeB G MeenG H Huh

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2004

Citation 

Phytochemistry, vol. 65, no. 17, pp. 2471-2476

Keywords 

cell growthconvolvulaceaeGPXintracellular and extracellular antioxidantsisozyme analysisPODSODsuspension culturesisoenzymeantioxidant activity

Abstract 

Antioxidant enzymes, SOD, POD and GPX, were not only synthesized in cultured sweetpotato cells but were also secreted at high levels into cultured medium. The activities and isozymes of intracellular and extracellular enzymes were characterized during cell growth. Cultured plant cells are a good system for the study of antioxidant mechanisms and for the mass production of antioxidants, because they can be grown under conditions of high oxidative stress. Alterations in the intracellular and extracellular activities of three antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), guaiacol-type peroxidase (POD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), were investigated in suspension cultures of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) during cell growth. Intracellular SOD activities (units/mg protein) at 15 days after subculture (DAS) and 30 DAS were 10 and 20 times higher, respectively, compared with the SOD activity at 1 DAS, whereas intracellular specific POD and GPX activities did not significantly increase until after 15 DAS, when they rapidly increased. The extracellular activities of the three enzymes in culture medium were much higher than were the intracellular activities. The change in extracellular SOD activity was similar to that of extracellular GPX during cell growth. Those activities showed high levels until 5 DAS and then significantly decreased. Extracellular POD activity had an almost constant level regardless of the cell growth stage. In addition, intracellular SOD and POD isozymes were quite different from those isozymes in the culture medium. The changes in SOD and POD isozymes observed here suggest that different isozymes might modulate the levels of reactive oxygen intermediates during cell growth. Characterization of extracellular antioxidant enzymes discovered here would provide a new understanding for defense mechanism in plants.

ISSN 

0031-9422

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.08.001

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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