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Title 

Antiarthritic effect of bee venom: Inhibition of inflammation mediator generation by suppression of NF-κB through interaction with the p50 subunit

Authors 

H J ParkS H LeeD J SonK W OhK H KimH S SongG J KimG T OhDo Young YoonJ T Hong

Publisher 

Wiley-Blackwell

Issue Date 

2004

Citation 

Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 3504-3515

Keywords 

bee venomI kappa Bimmunoglobulin enhancer binding proteininducible nitric oxide synthaseprotein p50DNA bindingdrug inhibitiondrug protein bindinggel mobility shift assaywestern blotting

Abstract 

Objective. To investigate the molecular mechanisms of the antiarthritic effects of bee venom (BV) and melittin (a major component of BV) in a murine macrophage cell line (Raw 264.7) and in synoviocytes obtained from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods. We evaluated the antiarthritic effects of BV in a rat model of carrageenan-induced acute edema in the paw and in a rat model of chronic adjuvant-induced arthritis. The inhibitory effects of BV and melittin on inflammatory gene expression were measured by Western blotting, and the generation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) and the intracellular calcium level were assayed. NF-κB DNA binding and transcriptional activity were determined by gel mobility shift assay or by luciferase assay. Direct binding of BV and melittin to the p50 subunit of NF-κB was determined with a surface plasmon resonance analyzer. Results. BV (0.8 and 1.6 μg/kg) reduced the effects of carrageenan- and adjuvant-induced arthritis. This reducing effect was consistent with the inhibitory effects of BV (0.5, 1, and 5 μg/ml) and melittin (5 and 10 μg/ml) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 μg/ml)-induced expression of cyclooxygenase 2, cytosolic phospholipase A2, inducible NO synthase, generation of PGE2 and NO, and the intracellular calcium level. BV and melittin prevented LPS-induced transcriptional and DNA binding activity of NF-κB via the inhibition of IκB release and p50 translocation. BV (affinity [Kd] = 4.6 × 10-6M) and melittin (K d = 1.2 × 10-8M) bound directly to p50. Conclusion. Target inactivation of NF-κB by directly binding to the p50 subunit is an important mechanism of the antiarthritic effects of BV.

ISSN 

0004-3591

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.20626

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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