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Title 

Deregulation of DNA methyltransferases and loss of parental methylation at the insulin-like growth factor II (Igf2)/H19 loci in p53 knockout mice prior to tumor development

Authors 

In-Young ParkBp Hwa SohnJ H ChooJ O JoeJ K SeongYoung Ik LeeJ H Chung

Publisher 

Wiley-Blackwell

Issue Date 

2005

Citation 

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 585-596

Keywords 

DNA methylationDNA methyltransferaseH19imprinting control region (ICR)insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2)p53complementary DNAgenomic DNAprotein p53

Abstract 

To ascertain whether p53 deficiency in vivo leads to the deregulation of DNA methylation machinery prior to tumor development, we investigated the expression profile of DNA methyltransferases in the thymus and the liver of p53+/+, p53+/-, and p53-/- mice at 7 weeks of age before tumor development. The expression of DNA methyltransferases was examined in the thymus at 7 weeks of age, since the malignant T-cell lymphoma develops most frequently in p53-/- mice around 20 weeks of age. Both mRNA and protein levels of Dnmt1 and Dnmt3b were increased in the thymus and the liver of p53-deficient mice. The expression of Dnmt3a was also increased in the liver but not in the thymus of p53-deficient mice. Dnmt3L expression was reduced in the thymus of p53+/- and p53-/- mice. The total 5-methylcytosine (5-MeC) in the genomic DNA of p53+/+, p53 +/-, and p53-/- mice was quantitated by dot-blot using antibody against 5-MeC. Global methylation was increased in the thymus and the liver of p53-deficient mice. To correlate the deregulated expression of DNA methyltransferases with the disturbance of the epigenetic integrity, we examined the DNA methylation of the imprinting control region (ICR) at the insulin-like growth factor II (Igf2)/H19 loci in the thymus and the liver of p53 +/+, p53+/-, and p53-/- mice. The region containing two CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) binding sites in the 5′-ICR tended to be hypomethylated in the thymus of p53-/- mice, but not in the liver. The expression profile of Igf2 and H19 indicated that the thymus-specific changes of Igf2 and H19 expression were coherent to the hypomethylation of the ICR in the thymus. Our results suggest that p53 is required for the maintenance of DNA methylation patterns in vivo.

ISSN 

0730-2312

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.20263

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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