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Title 

A plant EPF-type zinc-finger protein, CaPIF1, involved in defence against pathogens

Authors 

Sang-Keun OhJeong Mee ParkYoung Hee JoungSanghyeob LeeEunsook ChungSoo Yong KimS H YuDoil Choi

Publisher 

Wiley-Blackwell

Issue Date 

2005

Citation 

Molecular Plant Pathology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 269-285

Keywords 

allium cepabacteria (microorganisms)capsicum annuumcapsicum frutescensnicotiana benthamiananicotiana obtusifolianicotiana tabacum

Abstract 

To understand better the defence responses of plants to pathogen attack, we challenged hot pepper plants with bacterial pathogens and identified transcription factor-encoding genes whose expression patterns were altered during the subsequent hypersensitive response. One of these genes, CaPIF1 (Capsicum annuum Pathogen-Induced Factor 1), was characterized further. This gene encodes a plant-specific EPF-type protein that contains two Cys 2/ His2 zinc fingers. CaPIF1 expression was rapidly and specifically induced when pepper plants were challenged with bacterial pathogens to which they are resistant. In contrast, challenge with a pathogen to which the plants are susceptible only generated weak CaPIF1 expression. CaPIF1 expression was also strongly induced in pepper leaves by the exogenous application of ethephon, an ethylene-releasing compound, and salicylic acid, whereas methyl jasmonate had only moderate effects. CaPIF1 localized to the nuclei of onion epidermis when expressed as a CaPIF1-smGFP fusion protein. Transgenic tobacco plants over-expressing CaPIF1 driven by the CaMV 35S promoter showed increased resistance to challenge with a tobacco-specific pathogen or non-host bacterial pathogens. These plants also showed constitutive up-regulation of multiple defence-related genes. Moreover, virus-induced silencing of the CaPIF1 orthologue in Nicotiana benthamiana enhanced susceptibility to the same host or non-host bacterial pathogens. These observations provide evidence that an EPF-type Cys2/His2 zinc-finger protein plays a crucial role in the activation of the pathogen defence response in plants.

ISSN 

1464-6722

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1364-3703.2005.00284.x

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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