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Title 

ERK-mediated production of neurotrophic factors by astrocytes promotes neuronal stem cell differentiation by erythropoietin

Authors 

M H ParkS M LeeJ W LeeD J SonD C MoonDo Young YoonJ T Hong

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2006

Citation 

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 339, no. 4, pp. 1021-1028

Keywords 

β-NGFastrocytesBMP2EPOneuronal stem cell differentiationbrain derived neurotrophic factorerythropoietinerythropoietin antibodynerve growth factor beta subunitneurotrophic factor

Abstract 

Erythropoietin (EPO), a hematopoietic factor, is also required for normal brain development, and its receptor is localized in brain. Our previous study showed that EPO promotes differentiation of neuronal stem cells into astrocytes. Since astrocytes have influence on the neuronal function, we investigated whether EPO-activated astrocytes could stimulate differentiation of neuronal stem cells into neurons. EPO did not promote neuronal differentiation of neuronal stem cells isolated from 17 day embryos, however, neuronal differentiation was promoted when the neuronal stem cells were co-cultured with astrocyte isolated from post neonatal (Day 1) rat brain. Moreover, neuronal differentiation was further promoted when the neuronal stem cells were cultured with astrocyte culture medium treated by EPO (10 U/ml) showing increase of morphological differentiation, and expression of neuronal differentiation marker proteins, neurofilament, and tyrosine hydroxylase. The promoting effect of EPO-treated astrocyte medium was also found in the differentiation of PC12 cells. EPO-promoted morphological differentiation of neuronal stem cells as well as astrocytes was dose dependently reduced by treatment with anti-EPO receptor antibodies in culture with astrocyte culture medium. To clarify whether EPO itself or via production of well-known neurotropic factor could promote neuronal cell differentiation, we determined the level of neurotropic factors in the EPO-treated astrocytes. Compared to untreated astrocytes, EPO-treated astrocytes increased about 2-fold in β-NGF and 3-4-fold in BMP2, but did not increase BNDF and NT-3 levels. Since the previous study showed that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is involved in activation of astrocytes by EPO, we determined whether generation of neurotrophic factor may also be involved with the ERK pathway. In the presence of ERK inhibitor, PD98059, the generation of β-NGF was diminished in a dose dependent manner consistent with the inhibiting effect on neuronal differentiation. These data demonstrate that EPO promotes neuronal cell differentiation through increased release of β-NGF and BMP2 from astrocytes, and this effect may be associated with ERK pathway signals.

ISSN 

0006-291X

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.10.218

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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