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Title 

Bacterial community structure in activated sludge reactors treating free or metal-complexed cyanides

 

free or metal-complexed cyanides 처리용 폭기조 내 미생물 생태 분석

Authors 

Z-X QuanS K RheeJin-Woo BaeJ H BaekY H ParkS T Lee

Publisher 

The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology

Issue Date 

2006

Citation 

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 232-239

Keywords 

aerobiccyanideDGGEdiversitymetal-complexed cyanidebacterial RNAactivated sludgebacterial florabioreactor

Abstract 

The microbial activity and bacterial community structure of activated sludge reactors, which treated free cyanide (FC), zinc-complexed cyanide (ZC), or nickel-complexed cyanide (NC), were studied. The three reactors (designated as re-FC, re-ZC, and re-NC) were operated for 50 days with a stepwise decrease of hydraulic retention time. In the re-FC and re-ZC reactors, FC or ZC was almost completely removed, whereas approximately 80-87% of NC was removed in re-NC. This result might be attributed to the high toxicity of nickel released after degradation of NC. In the batch test, the sludges taken from re-FC and re-ZC completely degraded FC, ZC, and NC, whereas the sludge from re-NC degraded only NC. Although re-FC and re-ZC showed similar properties in regard to cyanide degradation, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of the bacterial communities in the three reactors showed that bacterial community was specifically acclimated to each reactor. We found several bacterial sequences in DGGE bands that showed high similarity to known cyanide-degrading bacteria such as Klebsiella spp., Acidovorax spp., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans. Floc-forming microorganism might also be one of the major microorganisms, since many sequences related to Zoogloea, Microbacterium, and phylum TM7 were detected in all the reactors.

ISSN 

1017-7825

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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