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Title 

Chloroplast genetic transformation in higher plants: an encounter between prokaryote and eukaryote

 

고등식물의 엽록체 형질전환: 원핵생물과 진핵생물의 조우

Authors 

Hwa-Jee ChungY SuhWon Joong ChungSung Ran MinJang Ryol Liu

Publisher 

Korea Society of Plant Biotechnology

Issue Date 

2006

Citation 

Journal of Plant Biotechnology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 185-194

Abstract 

Chloroplasts are believed to be descended from certain cyanobacteria, which were taken up by phagocytosis into a host cell and lived there in a symbiotic relationship. In contrast to the current static concept on the chloroplast genome, its dynamism has been recently demonstrated: the chloroplast genome is active in intramolecular homologous recombination, producing subgenomic circles when it obtains homolgous sequences via genetic transformation. Chloroplast tranformation in higher plants provides many advantages over nuclear transformation that include higher expression levels of transgenes, polycistronic expression of transgenes, and maternal transmission of transgenes. Tobacco has been used as a model for chloroplast genetic transformation. However, it is recently possible to transform the chloroplasts of other major food and economic crops including rice, soybean, and cotton. Chloroplast-transformed crops will be able to replace bioreactors using microorganisms for production of value-added proteins in future.

ISSN 

1229-2818

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2006.33.3.185

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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