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Title 

Enhanced specificity of the p53 family proteins-based adenoviral gene therapy in uterine cervical cancer cells with E2F1-responsive promoters

Authors 

J J LeeS KimYoung Il YeomD S Heo

Publisher 

Landes Bioscience

Issue Date 

2006

Citation 

Cancer Biology and Therapy, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1502-1510

Keywords 

cervical cancerE2F1gene therapyHPV E6p63γp73αp73βtumor-specific promoterp63 protein alphap63 protein gamma

Abstract 

p63 and p73, the p53 family proteins, are similar to p53 in many aspects: structural homology, transactivation of p53-downstream genes, and induction of apoptosis. Interestingly, they also differ from p53; in particular, they are not inhibited by viral oncoproteins such as HPV E6. This feature would be an advantage over p53 in HPV-associated cancers and therefore, we evaluated the therapeutic potentials of various p53 family proteins (p73α, p73β, p63α and p63γ) against HPV-infected cervical cancers. In clonogenic assay, exogenous expression of p73α, p73β and p63γ inhibited the colony formation of HPV-positive cervical cancer cells under G418- selection while p53 could not. Recombinant adenoviruses Ad/CMVp73α, Ad/CMVp73β and Ad/CMVp63γ induced potent apoptosis in all infected cervical cancers (CasKi, SiHa, HeLa, C33A, SNU682, SNU17, SNU1005, SNU703), irrespective of their HPV-infection status. Unfortunately however, Ad/CMVp73α, Ad/CMVp73β, and Ad/CMVp63γ inhibited also normal cells such as endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and keratinocytes thus, tumorspecific promoter was indispensable to the p53 family proteins-based therapy. Here we report a stringent tumor killing by p73β in combination with ESM6, a synthetic promoter targeting the DNA tumor virusassociated cancers. Recombinant adenoviruses encoding p73β by ESM6 (Ad/ESM6p73β and Ad/ESM6p73βENH) expressed p73β and induced apoptosis only in the cancer cells but not in normal cells. Collectively, we suggest that the p53 family proteins are potent therapeutic agents for HPV-associated uterine cervical cancers and ESM6-mediated expression of the p53 family proteins would be a safe and strong tumor targeting strategy.

ISSN 

1538-4047

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/CBT.5.11.3300

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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