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Title 

Simultaneous overexpression of both CuZn superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase in transgenic tall fescue plants confers increased tolerance to a wide range of abiotic stresses

Authors 

S H LeeN AhsanK W LeeD H KimD G LeeSang Soo KwakSuk Yoon KwonT H KimB H Lee

Publisher 

Elsevier

Issue Date 

2007

Citation 

Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 164, no. 12, pp. 1626-1638

Keywords 

abiotic stressantioxidative enzymeforage cropsreactive oxygen speciestransgenic plantsenzyme activityoxidative stressantioxidantsdefense mechanismsgenetic transformation

Abstract 

To mitigate the oxidative damage inflicted by biotic or abiotic stresses, plants have evolved complex anti-oxidative defense mechanisms that involve induction of antioxidant and anti-oxidative enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). To determine whether overexpression of the genes encoding copper-zinc SOD (CuZnSOD) and APX in plants is capable of decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in response to abiotic stresses, we generated transgenic tall fescue plants expressing the CuZnSOD and APX genes in chloroplasts under the control of the oxidative stress-inducible promoter, sweet potato peroxidase anionic 2 (SWPA2). Transgenic plants were generated by Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation, and genotypes were confirmed by DNA blot analysis. Transgenic plants were exposed to several ROS-generating abiotic stresses, such as methyl viologen (MV), H2O2, and the heavy metals copper, cadmium, and arsenic, and their tolerance was evaluated. High levels of CuZnSOD and APX gene transcripts in the transgenic plants under these treatments suggested that the transgenes were functionally expressed. Compared to transgenic plants, higher amounts of ROS were generated in the leaves of control plants exposed to abiotic stresses, resulting in increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), ion leakage, and chlorophyll degradation. These parameters were significantly lower in transgenic plants. Enzyme activity assays and native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) showed that total SOD and APX were highly active in transgenic plants under the abiotic stresses examined. We conclude that one of the mechanisms of increased anti-oxidative defense in transgenic tall fescue plants is overexpression of the CuZnSOD and APX genes, which are utilized in scavenging ROS and thus provide improved tolerance to abiotic stresses.

ISSN 

0176-1617

Link 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2007.01.003

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2017-04-19


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