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Title 

Isolation and characterization of marine bacterial strain degrading fucoidan from Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls

Authors 

W J KimS M KimY H LeeH G KimH K KimSeong Hoon MoonH H SuhK H JangY I Park

Publisher 

The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology

Issue Date 

2008

Citation 

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 616-623

Keywords 

fucoidanfucoidanasefucooligosaccharidesmarine bacteriumbacterial proteinbacterial growthbacterial strainbacterium isolationUndaria

Abstract 

In spite of an increasing interest in fucoidans as biologically active compounds, no convenient commercial sources with fucoidanase activity are yet available. A marine bacterial strain that showed confluent growth on a minimal medium containing fucoidan, prepared from Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls, as the sole carbon source was isolated and identified based on a 16S rDNA sequence analysis as a strain of Sphingomonas paucimobilis, and named Sphingomonas paucimobilis PF-1. The strain depolymerized facoidan into more than 7 distinct low-molecular-mass fucose-containing oligosaccharides, ranging from 305 to 3,749 Da. The enzyme activity was shown to be associated with the whole cell, suggesting the possibility of a surface display of the enzyme. However, a whole-cell enzyme preparation neither released the monomer L-fucose from the facoidan nor hydrolyzed the chromogenic substrate p-nitrophenyl-α-L-fucoside, indicating that the enzyme may be an endo-acting fucoidanase rather than an α-L-fucosidase. Therefore, this would appear to be the first report on facoidanolytic activity by a Sphingomonas species and also the first report on the enzymatic degradation of the Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophyll fucoidan. Moreover, this enzyme activity may be very useful for structural analyses of fucose-containing polysaccharides and the production of bioactive fucooligosaccharides.

ISSN 

1017-7825

Appears in Collections

1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles

Registered Date

2019-05-02


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